From bombs to ballots: political institutions and conflict transformation in Northern Ireland

Mikayel Zolyan

How might an exploration of the conflict in Northern Ireland contribute to the search for a resolution to other conflicts? Leo Tolstoy famously wrote that each unhappy family is unhappy in its own way. This observation can also be applied to ethno-political conflicts – each of which is unique. Moreover, it is important to remember that, by virtue of the differing historical contexts, there are fundamental differences between conflicts in the post-Soviet states and those in Western Europe.

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The role of official diplomacy and external actors in the Northern Ireland peace process

Gulshan Pashayeva

Introduction

The Northern Ireland conflict is one of the most prolonged ethno-territorial conflicts in Europe and has had a destabilising effect for decades on relations between Britain and Ireland.

In December 1922, on the basis of the Anglo-Irish Agreement,[1] the Irish Free State was established within the boundaries of the 26 counties in the southern part of the island of Ireland. Northern Ireland – comprising the remaining six counties (Antrim, Armagh, Down, Fermanagh, Londonderry (Derry) and Tyrone) situated in the northeast of Ireland’s historical province of Ulster – remained within the United Kingdom.

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The role of the diaspora in Northern Ireland and mechanisms for engaging it in the transformation of the conflict

Masis Mayilian

Introduction

It is an interesting exercise to explore the role of the diaspora during active phases of a conflict in its historical homeland and its contribution to peaceful resolution through the example of the Northern Ireland conflict. What role does the diaspora actually play? Is it a force that supports the peace process or is it a factor that impedes the peaceful resolution of the conflict?

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The role of the media in the Northern Ireland conflict

Gegham Baghdasaryan

Journalism and peacebuilding

I had an argument in Belfast with Brian Rowan, a journalist specialising in security issues, about the role of the media in long-running conflicts and, in particular, in the Northern Ireland conflict. During a conversation with the group of experts from Armenia, Azerbaijan and Nagorny Karabakh, Rowan had lamented the fact that the media in Northern Ireland did not have a peacebuilding mission. I ventured to disagree with this interpretation or rather with the notion of endowing ‘the fourth estate’ with the additional function of peacebuilding.

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Civil society in Northern Ireland in the quest for peace

Avaz Hasanov

Studying the conflict in Northern Ireland, and meeting the different sides and people involved in it, confirms that the occurrence of conflict is not restricted to underdeveloped countries or societies with underdeveloped social relations. It has usually been assumed that conflict occurs in countries where there are problems of a social nature and where there is serious antagonism between ethnic groups. In Northern Ireland, even after the devastation of the Second World War, the standard of living was not poor.

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Theme: South Caucasus and Developments in the Middle East

The Analyticon, №05 / May / 2012

The Caucasus and the Problem of the Artsakh Settlement in the System of the Global Security

By Hrachya ARZOUMANYAN

Political researcher

Stepanakert

Reformatting of the Middle East, initiated by the Arab awakening, has spilled over beyond the frontiers of the Arab World, influencing the processes along the whole arc of instability from the North African countries up to Afghanistan and Pakistan. …>>>

The Armenian Consequences of the “Arab spring”

By Tatul hakobyan

Expert, “Civilitas” foundation

Yerevan

 On January 4, 2011, Mohamad Bouazizi, 27, died of deep burns. The young man, a street vendor in the Tunisian town of Sidi Bouzid, self-immolated as a sign of protest. …>>>

The Activization of the Turkish Factor in Lebanon

By Shahan KANDAKHARIAN

Editor-in-Chief, “Azdak” newspaper

Beirut

 From the Arab spring to the Azerbaijani winter

The change of power in the Middle East, especially in the Arab countries, may invoke numerous comments and analytical interpretations from the view of Armenian interests. …>>>

Middle East Crisis and Armenia’s Demography

By Emil SANAMYAN

The Armenian Reporter, Editor-in-chief

Washington, DC

 Many if not most of Armenia’s present and future problems can be traced to the modest size of the country’s population. Armenia’s demographics are central to such significant factors as the country’s attractiveness to foreign investors, budget revenue and military capacity. …>>>

Syria, Iran and the South Caucasus

Alexander KRYLOV

Doctor of History

Moscow

 Syria is a new example of the “Arab spring.” If compared with the earlier events in Tunisia and Egypt, it is obvious that the extent of interference of foreign powers into the processes is gradually more and more intensifying. …>>>