The Analyticon, №03 / March / 2012
Post-Soviet de facto states have presented over time a shifting and often elusive target for enquiry, for several reasons. First, at different points in the 20 years of their existence, different questions have seemed primary; longevity, internal processes and the variable survival of de facto states have made new questions possible and relevant.
The non-recognized states are a new historic phenomenon. Their emergence initially relates to the collapse of the multinational colonial empires after the WWII, and some time later, with the dissolution of the multi-ethnic Soviet Union andYugoslavia. Before to the Kosovo precedent, the international community refused to recognize such states in case if the “metropolitan state”, a UN member, denied it.
Interview with Paata ZAKAREISHVILI
Director of the Institute for nationalism and conflicts studies
These state entities have not been recognized by the international community; just by several countries, including such a powerful and influential asRussia, member of the UN Security Council. Certainly, it is a very serious, but not decisive factor.
The lack of legitimate and comprehensive ties between unrecognized states and the rest of the world or the UN member states remains a problem not only for the same unrecognized states; the world power centers also feel that the problem is becoming more telling.
When the ‘standards before status’ policy for Kosovo was launched in 2003 it was met with significant interest in other territories that are seeking international recognition and it had a profound effect on their claim to independence. However, the ‘standards before status’ policy was reversed with the recognition of Kosovo in 2008. Does mean that institutional standards are of no relevance to the status of unrecognised states?
At first glance it may seem ridiculous to compare Taiwan with Nagorno Karabakh. Taiwan is located approximately 100 miles off the south east coast of China. It is widely known as one of Asia’s economic dragons for its record for moving from relative poverty in the 1950s to one of the wealthiest countries in Asia.
A deep-rooted old has always stood on the way of any new – be it in myths or various complexes. Within the context of our topic, I would like to discuss three main psychological complexes, which the Artsakh society is still unable to overcome.
The South Ossetiahad the best possibilities for it since March 1992 up to the period, when the Kremlin, after losing in power-and-law games for Kosovo to the West (namely, the legal block of this competition), has actually taken the RSO out of the legal field. It took place even despite the independence referendum and the presidential election in RSO in 2006, which were initiated by the sameRussia.
All people on our planet are by birth vested with equal universally recognized political rights, including the fundamental right to independent determination of one’s own political status.
In the present world formalism is treated as important thing. Not so much tame has gone since authoritarian times, and the world-view, not fitting to our times is still preserved by inertia. Although a human is declared as a basis of this world, we often witness the violation of that human’s rights. It is especially obvious for the unrecognized or partially recognized states.