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Archive for June 2011

Forced Displacement in the Nagorno Karabakh Conflict: Return and its Alternatives

Analyticon #6, June, 2011.

Executive Summary


This publication addresses policy-related issues arising from displacement as a result of the Nagorno Karabakh (NK) conflict. Its purpose is to promote awareness of possible societal responses to Track 1 outcomes on this issue, to discuss broadly possible modalities and likely obstacles, and, through this discussion, to shape policy in ways that would make it more responsive to on-the-ground realities. Read more

Return and Its Alternatives: International Law, Norms and Practices, and Dilemmas of Ethnocratic Power, Implementation, Justice and Development

By Gerard TOAL



Every conflict is unique and has distinctive features that need to be grasped by those seeking to move the conflicting parties towards reconciliation and recovery. Yet, all contemporary conflicts between warring parties over territory and sovereignty share certain structural characteristics and present similar dilemmas for international actors seeking to alleviate the legacies of suffering and displacement caused by these conflicts.  Read more

Forced Displacement in the Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict. Return and Its Alternatives: Perspectives from Armenia




Forced displacement has always been a significant issue for Armenians throughout the history with recent tragic episodes in the beginning and the end of twentieth century. Early in the last century, hundreds of thousands of Armenians were forced to flee their homeland in Ottoman Empire and become refugees while around one and half million were massacred. Read more

Return and its Alternatives: a Case Study on the Armenian-Azerbaijani Conflict




This article discusses the issue of return, obstacles and opportunities for its realization and other possible durable solutions for the displaced populations in the context of the Armenian-Azerbaijani conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh (NK), which has produced the largest number of refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) in the region. Read more

The Return of Refugees and Internally Displaced People to Their Homeland: a View from Azerbaijan




Negotiations to resolve the Armenian-Azerbaijani conflict around Nagorny Karabakh (NK) have been going on for over 16 years. Despite the efforts of the two countries’ political leaderships, the Minsk Group of the OSCE, and various international organisations, the problem is still at an impasse. Read more

Reflections on Return and Its Alternatives in the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic – Azerbaijani Conflict



This research was dedicated to the following questions: how pressing is the issue of forced displacement in Karabakhi society and in other societies party to the conflict? Read more

Return and Its Alternatives in the Karabakh Conflict: Opinions and Comments from Nagorno Karabakh



Refugees comprise one of the most vulnerable population categories in post-war Karabakh. The issue of displacement with its socio-political, social, humanitarian and moral aspects, is further exacerbated by the unresolved Azerbaijani-Karabakhi conflict and the lack of international recognition of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic (NKR). Read more

Return, Restitution and Rights: Addressing Legacies of Forced Displacement in the Nagorno Karabakh Conflict

By Laurence BROERS

1. Introduction

Although a universal right of return is routinely mentioned as a core aspect of the Madrid Principles, the current basis for Armenian-Azerbaijani negotiations, Armenians and Azerbaijanis have sharply divergent expectations of a process of return. Public discussion of return on each side remain locked within tight ideological parameters emphasizing unilateral rights of return with no discussion of reciprocity, of what is required from societies accepting returnees, or the role that provisions on return would be likely to play in legitimizing any eventual peace deal.

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